Una avispa capaz de convertir una cucaracha en zombie

Si eres fan de la saga de Harry Potter, no será necesario darte mucho detalle de en qué consiste la maldición Imperius, se trata de una técnica utilizada para controlar la mente de las personas. Si piensas que algo así solo sería posible en el mundo de JK Rowling, estás equivocado, la naturaleza siempre a ido un paso por delante. Wasp Jewel o “Avispa esmeralda” es realmente capaz de controlar la mente de su presa, una cucaracha, inyectandola veneno directamente en su cerebro.

El secreto de esta falsa “capacidad cautivadora”, radica en un neurotransmisor alojado en el cerebro de la cucaracha llamado octopamina, capaz de controlar sus movimientos. Este veneno bloquea la octopamina literalmente, convertiendo a la cucaracha en un zombi. En estado ‘zombie’ es completamente vulnerable, incapaz de defenderse, ya que es empujada por la avispa a su guarida subterránea.

Pero ¿realmente la avispa pasaría por todo esto solo por comerse a la cucaracha?, la cucaracha tiene el papel de madre de alquiler. La avispa pone un huevo en su abdomen y la larva posteriormente se va a ir comiendo a la cucaracha viva desde dentro hacia fuera. Tarda del orden de 3 a 4 días para la eclosión del huevo, después va alimentandose lentamente de los órganos internos de la cucaracha lo suficiente como para mantenerla con viva el mayor tiempo posible, este proceso dura unos 7-8 días, tiempo el cual la carne se mantendrá fresca para alimentar a la larva.

Como una cucaracha muerta tardaría solo un día en pudrirse, la avispa prefiere el método del ‘aturdimiento’. Una vez que la cucaracha es comida completamente y fallece, la larva forma un capullo dentro de ella. Un mes más tarde, una avispa totalmente desarrollada surge del cadáver de la cucaracha.

[youtube:http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=qN2XMyxAs5o%5D

Fuente: odditycentral.com
Redacta: Ardea Iniciativas y Estudios Ambientales
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